A Magnetic Nanoparticle Labeled Immunochromatography Kit for SARS-CoV-2 Infection Diagnosis

Qi Shen, Hui Liang, Jing Tian, Cheng Zhou, Ang Gao, Dan Wang, Jian Ni, Daxiang Cui

Abstract

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is breaking out and spreading rapidly around the world. There is an urgent need for an accurate and rapid detection method to quickly find infected patients and asymptomatic carriers in order to prevent the spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus [SARS‐Cov‐2]. In this paper, we designed a test strip which used the principle of double antigen sandwich. Fe3O4 magnetic nanobeads are firstly coupled with specific antibodies, and the S protein of the new coronavirus is used as the coating antigen to capture specific antibodies against the new coronavirus, which is used to detect the virus nucleoprotein of specific antibodies in clinical samples. At the same time, Fe3O4 magnetic nanobeads have unique magnetic properties, which can be used to generate different types of detection signals and simplify the detection process. These results can be judged by color changes and magnetic changes at the test and control lines. Compared with the traditional method, this test strip of Fe3O4 magnetic nanobeads has high sensitivity and can qualitatively detect samples within 15 minutes. The magnetic performance of the magnetic nanobeads can be used to improve the sensitivity of the strip in our further research and product development.

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Nano Biomedicine and Engineering.

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