Flexural Resistance and Impact Resistance of High-Impact Acrylic Resin with Addition of TiO2-Al2O3 Nanoparticles

Ali Mohammad Ali Aljafery

Abstract

The chemical modification of conventional acrylic resin by butadiene-styrene rubber to get high-impact acrylic resin has not been completely effective due to its potential bad influence on the resistance of bending or flexural and also the toughness of acrylic resin substance for the base of denture. So, to overcome this detrimental effect of rubber modification of acrylic resin, we tried to reinforce it in this research by the addition of titanium oxide and aluminum oxide nanoparticle mixture to the liquid (monomer) of acrylic resin (high-impact) with sonication at 3wt% (TiO2:Al2O3 ratio1:1) which was then blended with polymer (powder) of acrylic resin using conventional procedure to form nanocomposite. 40 specimen of two groups (20 for each group) according to the performed property, 20 specimens for flexural strength group and 20 specimens for impact strength group were prepared. Each group was divided into two subgroups, control group A: 10 samples of pure high-impact acrylic, and study group B: 10 samples of modified high-impact acrylic resin by 3wt% nanoparticle mixture. Testing of the flexural strength was examined by flexural testing universal machine (Instron), while testing of the impact strength was examined by impact testing Charpy's machine. The results were gathered from the tests and translated by statistical program (SPSS version 20) for analysis. The flexural strength and the impact strength increased with high significance upon the addition of 3wt% nanoparticle mixture, according to t-Test (Two-Sample Assuming Unequal Variances) and Pp- value.

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Nano Biomedicine and Engineering.

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