Spectrophotometric Determination of Etilefrine HCl, Salbutamol Sulphate and Tiemonium Methyl Sulphate Using Surface Plasmon Resonance Band of Gold Nanoparticles

Magda Mohamed Ayad, Hisham Ezzat Abdellatef, Mervat Mohamed Hosny, Naglaa Abdel-Sattar Kabil

Abstract

A simple and sensitive method was developed for spectrophotometric determination of etilefrine HCl, salbutamol sulphate and tiemonium methyl sulphate in pure form and in their pharmaceutical formulations. The method was based on reduction of gold solution to gold nanoparticles by the studied drugs in presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate as stabilising agent. Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) showed a new absorption band at 530 nm that was used for quantitative determination of the cited drugs. Different variables were examined and optimised in the experiment as gold solution concentration, type of buffer, suitable pH, stabilising agent, order of addition, time and temperature of the reaction. Under optimum conditions, the calibration curves were linear with concentration ranges of 3.0-20.0, 5.0-18.0 and 2.0-26.0 μg/mL for etilefrine HCl, salbutamol sulphate and tiemonium methyl sulphate respectively. The method was applied successfully to determine the studied drugs in pure form and in their pharmaceutical dosage forms, exhibiting good reproducibility and accuracy.

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Nano Biomedicine and Engineering.

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